• Crew Medical

Maritime Labour Convention 2006


The Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) is an International Labour Organization convention established in 2006 as the fourth pillar of international maritime law and embodies "all up-to-date standards of existing international maritime labour Conventions and Recommendations, as well as the fundamental principles to be found in other international labour Conventions". The convention entered into force on 20 August 2013 and as of February 2014, the convention has been ratified by 56 states representing 80 per cent of global shipping.

Title 4

The Maritime Labour Convention consists of five Titles which set out the standards and conditions to be adhered to. The most relevant here is Title 4: Health Protection, Medical Care, Welfare and Social Security Protection.

Title 4 consists of 5 regulations including:

• Medical care on board ship and ashore: Seafarers should be covered for and have access to medical care while on board; in principle at no cost and of a quality comparable to the standards of health care on shore. Countries through which territory a ship is passing should guarantee treatment on shore in serious cases.

• Shipowners' liability: Seafarers should be protected from the financial effects of "sickness, injury or death occurring in connection with their employment". This includes at least 16 weeks of payment of wages after start of sickness.

• Social security: Social security coverage should be available to seafarers (and in case it is customary in the flag state): their relatives.

Before the Maritime Labour Convention came into force, there were no particular standards or requirements for many elements of protection for marine crews. Now, ship owners and captains are having to look for cost effective international medical and protection solutions that not only meet the criteria set out by the MLC, but are also of high enough quality to allow them to attract and keep the best crew possible.

Xact Expat have a number of solutions available that could work in conjunction with the standards and requirements of the MLC. These range from “off the shelf” industry specific products from a panel of leading recognised insurers, to tailored health and protection solutions through the Lloyd’s market.

To find out more, please call us on +44(0)191 259 4645 or email at andrew.wilson@xactexpat.com